The structures of the Pruitt-Baggett adduct (PBA) and the Pruitt-Baggett catalyst (PBC) were studied in some detail. PBC extensively ionizes in acetonitrile (K d = 3.48 x l0 3 mol 1 1 at 25°C) producing an anionic fragment composed of seven Fe atoms and a cationic fragment with two Fe atoms. Hittorf electrolysis showed that the anionic fragments exclusively bore the high molecular weight stereoregular poly(propylene oxide)s (K-polymers). However, study of the polymerization in the presence of anion and cation scavengers and in different dielectric media supported a previous conclusion that neither free anions nor cations were solely responsible for the stereoregular polymerization, but together with a monomer molecule they combine to yield catalytically active monomer-bound ion pairs. The study of the product showed that K-polymers were connected to each other with Fe atoms. However, these chains could be freed by extracting the Fe residues with hydrochloric acid. A mechanism for the stereoregular polymerization of propylene oxide that is consistent with the present and already published data was suggested
Посилання на статтю:
A mechanistic study on the stereoregular polymerization of propylene oxide by the Pruitt-Baggett catalyst / F. Takrouri* and K. Alyuruk // Polymer. – 1994. – Vol 35. – P. 1518-1525.