The use of electroactive polymer–SiO 2 nanocomposites for the uptake of gold and palladium from AuCl 3 and PdCl 2 in acid solutions respectively was investigated. The electroactive polymers used were polyaniline (PAN) and polypyrrole (PPY). The change in the physicochemical properties of the nanocomposites with metal uptake were of particular interest. In the case of gold uptake, the reaction rate increases with temperature from 0 to 60°C. The accumulation of elemental gold on the nanocomposites increases the diameter and decreases the surface area. The surface Au/N ratio as determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is highly dependent on the rate of reactions even for the same amount of gold uptake. The uptake of palladium from PdCl 2 is much more difficult to accomplish. High rates of uptake can only be achieved with the electroactive polymers reduced to their lowest oxidation state and unlike the case of gold uptake, the palladium on the microparticles does not exist in the elemental form but as a Pd(II) compound.
Посилання на статтю:
Electroactive polymer–SiO 2 nanocomposites for metal uptake / K.G. Neoh, K.K. Tan, P.L. Goh, S.W. Huang, E.T. Kang, K.L. Tan // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 887–893.