The development of global orientation and morphological features in linear polyethylene crystallizing from a sheared melt are studied using in-situ time-resolving wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) and ex-situ transmission electron microscopy. It is found that samples subjected to a shear rate above a critical value of ⬃ 1 s ⫺1 result in macroscopically oriented structures in the crystallized sample. This critical shear rate appears to be independent of the differences in molecular weight distribution of the samples studied although the morphologies which develop are sensitive to quite small differences in molecular weight distributions. The presence of shish kebabs in the morphology is shown to differ markedly according to variations in the upper molecular weight fraction of the molecular weight distribution, even though the resulting global orientation does not. The WAXS also reveals that areas which evidence no row nucleated structures still realize high degrees of molecular orientation. It is proposed that the formation of shish kebab or lamellar morphologies in these samples is dependent on the critical density of contiguous elongated crystallization nuclei rather than any specific global criteria.
Посилання на статтю:
The development of organized structures in polyethylene crystallized from a sheared melt, analyzed by WAXS and TEM / J.A. Pople, G.R. Mitchell, S.J. Sutton, A.S. Vaughan, C.K. Chai // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 2769–2777.