Isothermal melt crystallization in poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) homopolymers and glass-fiber-filled composite was studied by timeresolved simultaneous small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SWAXS) methods using synchrotron radiation. During primary crystallization, both average long period and lamellar thickness exhibit a significant decrease. During secondary crystallization, the long period and lamellar thickness show a smaller decrease over a longer period of time, which is approximately linear with log time. Similar to other semicrystalline polymers, the morphology of PBT formed during isothermal crystallization can be best described by a dual-lamellar stack model. In this model, primary lamellar stacks are formed first comprising thicker crystalline lamellae, whereas secondary lamellar stacks are formed later between the primary lamellar stacks (as observed by the small change of the interlayer amorphous thickness with time). In addition, no isothermal lamellar thickening is observed. From SWAXS measurements, the appearance of the SAXS peak appears to occur prior to WAXD crystal reflection peaks, suggesting that density fluctuations are probably present before melt crystallization. The lamellar morphology and crystallization rate is found to be a function of molecular weight. The glass filler in the PBT composites has no obvious effect on the lamellar structure, but it appears to act as a nucleating agent.
Посилання на статтю:
Time-resolved X-ray studies of structure development in poly(butylene terephthalate) during isothermal crystallization / Benjamin S. Hsiao, Zhi-gang Wang, Fengji Yeh, Yan Gao, Kapil C. Sheth // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 3515–3523.