The photo-polymerization of tetrachloroethylacrylate (TeCEA), pentafluorophenylacrylate (PFPA) and pentafluorophenylmethacrylate (PFPMA) was examined by quantitative FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopy and by thermal analysis. The agreement between the FT-Raman results and thermal analysis was good for all monomers. The FT-IR measurement yielded higher percentages of unsaturation than the two other techniques in the slowly reacting PFPMA polymer, which can be attributed to oxygen quenching effects. Calculations of unsaturation based on spectroscopic measurements were carried out using the relative band ratio method. The influence of the choice of the internal reference band on the unsaturation calculation was examined. The photo-polymerization of the acrylates reached conversions of 95%–99% after irradiation of only a few minutes, samples which contained PFPMA reached conversions of about 85% after 1.5 h of irradiation. Volatile compounds in the resulting polymers were quantified and identified by thermogravimetic analysis (TGA) and thermal desorption followed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection (TD-GC-MS), respectively. Glass transition temperatures of the resulting polymers as determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) vary from 70°C to 125°C.
Посилання на статтю:
Quantitative determination of unsaturation in photocured halogenated acrylates and methacrylates by FT-IR and Raman-spectroscopy and by thermal analysis / M. Jöhnck, L. Müller, A. Neyer, J.W. Hofstraat // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 3631–3639.