Nylon-610 membranes were prepared at 258C by direct immersion of various dope solutions into either formic acid/water or 1-octanol bath. Depending on the dope and bath conditions, the precipitated membranes demonstrated characteristics derived from crystallization and/ or liquid–liquid phase separation during the precipitation process. As a good dope solution was immersed in a harsh bath, e.g., water, precipitation occurred initiated by liquid–liquid phase separation. The formed membrane exhibited a cellular structure similar to that commonly observed in amorphous membranes. Alternatively, when a metastable dope (with respect to crystallization) was immersed in a soft bath containing a substantial amount of formic acid, crystallization dictated the precipitation process to yield bi-continuous, particulate membranes. Membranes with extensive macrovoids were observed, in the event that the dope contained a large amount of solvent. In the latter case, precipitation took place immediately after immersion, consistent with Strathmann and Smolder’s results for several membrane forming systems. In addition, skinless microporous membranes were prepared by precipitation of the dope solutions in a 1-octanol bath, in which precipitation occurred slowly and the formed membrane was composed of “sheaf-like” crystallites that interlocked into a homogeneous bi-continuous network .
Посилання на статтю:
Morphology of crystalline Nylon-610 membranes prepared by the immersion-precipitation process: competition between crystallization and liquid–liquid phase separation / Tai-Horng Young, Dar-Jong Lin, Jy-Jye Gau, Wen-Yuan Chuang, Liao-Ping Cheng // Polymer. – 1999. – N 40. – P. 5011–5021.
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