Segmented poly(ether esteramide) copolymers with short (M = 382) partially aromatic esteramide units of uniform length and segments of poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO) have beem synthesized in the melt. The polymers show phase separation into two or three phases. The influence of the PTMO segment length on the following properties was studied: the Tg of the amorphous phase, the T m of the crystalline PTMO and the melting and crystallization behaviour of the uniform polyesteramide units. Volume fraction and density of each phase were determined. The polyesteramide units crystallize in lamellar structures; their sizes were studied using WAXD and SAXS. The polymers were melt processed and their mechanical properties were investigated using dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (d.m.t.a.) and tensile tests. Polyesteramide crystallinity, crystalline structure and crystallite size were found to be almost independent of PTMO segment length. The decrease in hard-segment melting temperature with increasing PTMO segment length is explained as being due to a 'solvent' effect of the soft phase, The copolymers crystallize very fast, and the modulus in the rubber region is essentially independent of temperature. The copolymers with long PTMO segments (M= 2000 and 2900) have a low glass transition temperature (-65°C); the materials are very soft and have an elongation at break of over 1000%. The copolymer with the shortest PTMO segments (M = 250) has a glass transition temperature of 43°C and the material is hard at room temperature
Посилання на статтю:
Segmented copolymers with polyesteramide units of uniform length: structure analysis / P. F. van Hutten, R. M. Mangnus and R. J. Gaymans // Polymer. – 1993. – Vol 34. – P. 4193-4202.